Posted on: October 17th, 2016 by webfooted

See the Potteries List section for the Temple Street Pottery.

c1696-c1721 Mary Orchard ran a Pottery in Temple Street.

The Pottery may have remained in business until 1727 when her last apprentice obtained his freedom.

The Pottery then appears to have closed.


1668 13 Jun. John Orchard, a sailor of Devon, was granted a licence to marry Mary Suter of St Mary Redcliffe parish at St James (M).
1689 John Orchard, St Mary Redcliffe parish (BRO Rate 1 wm. & Mary c.3).
1692 30 Mar. Richard Cromwell, a cooper of Bristol, was granted a licence to marry Mary Orchard of St Mary Redcliffe parish (this was Mary Orchard’s daughter) at St Thomas, St Mary Redcliffe, St Augustine or the Cathedral (M).
1696-1721 Mary Orchard’s first recorded pottery export was on 15 May 1696.  Thereafter she was regularly exporting English earthenware and earthenware to Cork, Dublin, Madeira, Nevis, Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua, Montserrat, Carolina, Boston and Newfoundland (PB-EXP). (Note: not all Port Books have been studied).
1698 ‘Widd. Orchard’, St Mary Redcliffe parish (BRO Rate 3 Will. III c.10).
1698-1720 When taking apprentices, Mary Orchard was described variously as a potmaker, mugmaker, gallypotmaker or potter.  Her apprentices were to be taught the art of gallypotmaking, potmaking, mugmaking and glass or white glass making (A, Ao, Ar).

On 14 May 1698, John Bye was apprenticed to Mary Orchard and ‘Co-partners’.  William Andrews may have been one of these partners.

1701 20 Mar. A lease ‘Betweene John Knight of New Sarum [Wiltshire] of the one part And William Andrews of the City of Bristoll Merchant and Mary Orchard of the same City Widdow of the other part … of All that Messuage or Tenement of him the said John Knight scituate lyeing and being in Temple Streete in the parish of Temple … Together with all the Garden Stable pothouse and warehouse thereto belonging thereon lately erected and built And alsoe all and singular Roomes Kitchens halls parlours Chambers Sollars Shopps Lofts Lights pavements wayes water Easements … And Alsoe liberty for them the said William Andrews and — Orchard … to erect in some part of the said Garden one or more pothouse or pothouses …’ for a term of ten years at the yearly rent of £35 (BRO 4489(23)).
1712 31 May. Mary Orchard, the widow of John Orchard, mariner, surrendered a lease on a property in Redcliff Street, granted on 7 March 1684 to her husband by the Feoffees of St Mary Redcliffe Church lands.  In consideration of a payment of £5 Mary Orchard was granted a further lease dated 2 June 1712 on the lives of Mary Orchard and Henry Cromwell (the son of Mary Willis by Richard Cromwell, her previous husband).  The property occupied by Mary Willis (the wife of Nicholas Willis and the daughter of Mary Orchard) (BRO 22/6/2 a-b and 3).
1714 15 Jan. A lease was granted on a tenement in Redcliff Street in the occupation of John Browning, a cooper, which adjoined a property ‘in the Tenure of … Nicholas Willis and Mary Orchard or one of them or their undertenants …’ (BRO P/St T/D/99).
1721 3 Apr. Will: ‘I Mary Orchard of the Parrish of Redcliffe … Widow … I give and bequeath the house wherein my Son in Law Nicholas Willis husbandman now dwelleth in St Mary Redcliffe Street unto my Grand-daughter Elizabeth Yeamans during ye naturall lives of Mary the wife of ye above named Nicholas Willis and Henry Cromwell son of the said Mary Willis by a former Husband.  She the said Elizabeth Yeamans my Grand daughter paying unto her Aunt Mary Willis two shillings p. week every week in hand to her as the same shall become due … Secondly I give unto George Yeamans three sons being my Grandchildren now living the Sume of Five pounds to each child – and lastly I give and bequeath unto ye rest of the children of George Yeamans wch. shall be then living … ye rest and residue of my Estate … to be equally divided between them. … I make my nephew John Shuter of the same Citty Druggettmaker Thomas Franks of the same City Potter and my Daughter Elizabeth Yeamans wife of George Yeamans to be my Executors …’.  The will was proved on 3 Apr 1732 (BRO Will 1732/82).
1721 Mary Orchard was still exporting earthenware in December 1721.  The next Port Book studied is that for 1726 and no exports are recorded in her name for that year (PRO Port Books).
1730 31 Dec.’Mary Orchard, aged about 80 years’ buried (RPR).
With co-partners:
John Bye, 14 May 1698 (A, Ar)-1 Oct 1705 (F, G)Alone:
John Harris I, 13 Jan 1702 (Ar)
Joseph Thrall, 16 Nov 1704 (A, Ar)-3 Dec 1712 (F, G)
William Morgan, 25 Oct 1709 (A, Ao, Ar)
Robert Goddard, 7 Jul 1712 (A, Ar)
John Young, 28 May 1715 (A, Ar)-9 Aug 1723 (F, G)
Charles Harding, 7 Jul 1716 (A, Ar)
William Lawley, 17 Jul 1716 (A, Ao, Ar)
Ralph Eaton II, 22 Oct 1715 (A, Ar)-11 May 1724 (F, G)
William Adlam, 24 Mar 1720 (A, Ao, Ar)-24 Jul 1727 (F, G)
Rate and tax book entries:
Property 1:
1702-1716 Widow/Mrs Orchard (Temple-W,LS,PR)Property 2:
25 Dec 1717-25 Dec 1718 Mary Orchard (SMR-LS)
29 Sep 1725-25 Mar 1726 Owner: Mrs Orchard Tenant: Ralph Eaton Redcliffe Street (SMR-L)

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