Bristol Potters and Potteries

Research by Reg Jackson

Bristol Potters - O

Research by Reg Jackson

OAKES Thomas

1781 20 Feb. He became a free potter because of his marriage to Hannah, daughter of William Bowsher, glassman (F, G).
1781 & 1784 Potter, St Thomas parish (P).

 

ODFORD Thomas

1743 27 Jun. He became a free potter because of his marriage to Mary, daughter of James Craddock, merchant tailor (F, G).
1743 18 Sep. Craddock, son of Thomas and Mary Odford, baptised (TPR).
1750 12 and 25 Sep. A lease to Thomas Odford, potter, of a tenement and garden ground in Temple Street, Temple parish, to hold from 29 Sep 1750 for 99 years, on the lives of Thomas Odford, his wife, Mary, and son, Craddock, at a rent of £1.6s.8d per annum (BB).
1767 23 Apr. He was described as a potter when his son, Craddock, became a free accountant (G).
1770 26 Apr. A lease to Thomas Odford, yeoman of two tenements ‘on the steps that lead from the way going from the Griffin Inn to the Red Lodge’ to hold from 25 May 1770 for 99 years, on the loves of Craddock Odford, Mary Odford and Richard Hill, at a rent of £1 per annum (BB).
1775 6 Nov. He was probably the Thomas Odford of Bristol, quay porter, whose will refers to a wife, Mary, and son, Craddock (BRO 220122(5)).
Rate and tax book entries:
[1750/1-1776/7 Thomas Odford Temple Street (G)
[25 Mar 1750-25 Mar 1751] Thomas Odford void Temple Street (Temple-L)
[25 Mar 1751-25 Mar 1760 Thomas Odford Temple Street (Temple-L,W)
[1776/7-1781/2] Mary Odford, late Thomas Odford Temple Street (G)
[1781/2 Mary Odfords Executors Temple Street (G).

 

OFFER Richard

Born c1830 in Bristol (41C).

1841 Ayers Lane, St Philip’s parish (11) (41C).
1853 17 Apr. Bedminster on the baptism of his son Richard (aged 3 wks).  Wife Ann (PPR).

OKELEY William

A tobacco pipe manufacturer.

1822 William Okeley, Redcliff Back, retail shop Redcliff Hill, tobacco pipe manufacturer, brown stone potter and importer of tobacco pipe and potters clay (MD).

OLAND John

See the Potteries section for the St Philip’s Pottery 8.

1821-25 John Oland ran the St Philip’s Pottery 8.
  He appears to have been in partnership with a man called Boddington before their bankruptcy in 1825. It is possible that Boddington had provided capital in order for Oland to avoid earlier bankruptcy in 1823.

The Pottery was advertised for sale in 1825 and does not appear to have operated after that date.

 

1799 24 Mar. Possibly the John and Grace Oland who had their son John baptised (PPR).
1821-23 John Oland, St Philip’s Marsh, residence 12 Lodge Street, brown stone potter (MD).
1822-24 J. Oland exported earthenware and stoneware to Quebec and Jamaica (PB-EXP).
1823 4 Jan. Sat Dec 23 J. Oland of Bristol, potter, to surrender Jan 8, 9, Feb 8, at the Rummer Tavern, Bristol; Attorney Holme & Company, London (FFJ).
1823 4 Jan. Bankrupts, from Saturday’s Gazette … John Oland, potter, Jan 8, 9, Feb 8, at Bristol, Attorney Mr Greville, Bristol (Staffordshire Advertiser – information from Rodney Hampson).
1823 17 Feb. A reference to J. Oland, Bristol, potter (Bristol Mercury).
1824 John Oland, 2 Langton Terrace, stone ware manufacturer (MD).
1825-26 John Oland, St Philip’s Marsh, brown stone potter (MD).
1825 20 May. Possibly the pottery advertised ‘To be let, with immediate possession, a stoneware pottery, adjoining the Floating Harbour. Inquire at the office of the Bristol Mirror’ (Bristol Mercury).
1825 30 May. Meeting of the Bankrupts Commissioners on 31 May at the Rummer Tavern to deal with the of Boddington and Oland, St Philip’s parish, potters (Bristol Mercury).
1825 4 Jun. Possibly the pottery advertised ‘To be disposed of, a lucrative and established stoneware pottery business, in full work, capable of great extension; together with the stock in trade, implements, etc. A person about £700 will find this a most elligible investment’ (Bristol Mercury).
1825 4 Sep. For auction ‘Lot 1 A valuable stoneware pottery, with yard, 2 kilns, drying rooms, ware rooms, and other suitable and convenient outbuildings; together with a newly erected, substantial and roomy dwelling-house, adjoining thereto, with a large garden attached, now and for some time past in the occupation of Mr John Oland, as yearly tenant. These premises have a frontage of 206 feet and are in depth on the northward part 64 feet, and on southward 60 feet; the late proprietor has expended within the last few years the sum of £1500 in the various above-mentioned erections. NB The purchaser of this lot may be accommodated with the fixtures and stock of clay, now on the premises a fair valuation, by which the pottery may be set to work at a small expense’ (Bristol Mercury).
1825 31 Oct. A dividend declared on the bankruptcy of Boddington and Oland, potters (Bristol Mercury).
1825 3 Dec. It was possibly the stoneware pottery that was advertised to be let or sold: ‘A stoneware pottery, with a dwelling house attached, newly built and in a state for immediate work, eligibly situated near the head of the Floating Harbour and Feeder’ (Bristol Mercury).
1831 1 Nov. He may have been the John Oland of Bristol, gentleman, who made his will which was proved 28 Apr 1831 (PRO PROB 11/1784).

 

OLDEN George

Born c1847 in Bristol (61C).

1861 Union Court, St Philip’s parish (14) living with his mother Caroline Olden (46) a tobacco stripper, born in Bristol (61C).

OLDER Mark

Born c1843 (PPR).

1868 21 Dec. John Street (25), the son of Edwin Older, a general dealer, he married Charlotte Ogborne (24) of John Street, the daughter of Stephen Ogborne (PPR).
1871 Potter, 1 Cross Street, St Paul’s parish (25), living with his wife Maria (18), born in Bristol (71C).
1881 Potter’s labourer, married, H.M. Convict, Prison, Portsea Town, Portsmouth (35).
1891 Costermonger, 13 Wellington Road, St James & St Paul parish (48), living with his wife Maria (35) and children Harry (17) and mark (2), both born in Bristol (91C).

ORCHARD Joseph

Born c1792 in St Philip’s parish (51C).

1841 Labourer, Brick Street, St Philip’s parish (49), living with his wife Sarah (48) and children James (14) and John (12), both born in the county (41C).
1851 5 Gloster Lane, St Philip’s parish (59) living with his wife Sarah (58) a washerwoman, born in St Philip’s parish and his son James (24) a cottonspinner, born in St Philip’s parish (51C).

ORCHARD Mary

See the Potteries section for the Orchard’s Temple Street Pottery.

c1696-c1721 Mary Orchard ran a Pottery in Temple Street.

The Pottery may have remained in business until 1727 when her last apprentice obtained his freedom.

The Pottery then appears to have closed.

 

1668 13 Jun. John Orchard, a sailor of Devon, was granted a licence to marry Mary Suter of St Mary Redcliffe parish at St James (M).
1689 John Orchard, St Mary Redcliffe parish (BRO Rate 1 wm. & Mary c.3).
1692 30 Mar. Richard Cromwell, a cooper of Bristol, was granted a licence to marry Mary Orchard of St Mary Redcliffe parish (this was Mary Orchard’s daughter) at St Thomas, St Mary Redcliffe, St Augustine or the Cathedral (M).
1696-1721 Mary Orchard’s first recorded pottery export was on 15 May 1696.  Thereafter she was regularly exporting English earthenware and earthenware to Cork, Dublin, Madeira, Nevis, Jamaica, Barbados, Antigua, Montserrat, Carolina, Boston and Newfoundland (PB-EXP). (Note: not all Port Books have been studied).
1698 ‘Widd. Orchard’, St Mary Redcliffe parish (BRO Rate 3 Will. III c.10).
1698-1720 When taking apprentices, Mary Orchard was described variously as a potmaker, mugmaker, gallypotmaker or potter.  Her apprentices were to be taught the art of gallypotmaking, potmaking, mugmaking and glass or white glass making (A, Ao, Ar).

On 14 May 1698, John Bye was apprenticed to Mary Orchard and ‘Co-partners’.  William Andrews may have been one of these partners.

1701 20 Mar. A lease ‘Betweene John Knight of New Sarum [Wiltshire] of the one part And William Andrews of the City of Bristoll Merchant and Mary Orchard of the same City Widdow of the other part … of All that Messuage or Tenement of him the said John Knight scituate lyeing and being in Temple Streete in the parish of Temple … Together with all the Garden Stable pothouse and warehouse thereto belonging thereon lately erected and built And alsoe all and singular Roomes Kitchens halls parlours Chambers Sollars Shopps Lofts Lights pavements wayes water Easements … And Alsoe liberty for them the said William Andrews and — Orchard … to erect in some part of the said Garden one or more pothouse or pothouses …’ for a term of ten years at the yearly rent of £35 (BRO 4489(23)).
1712 31 May. Mary Orchard, the widow of John Orchard, mariner, surrendered a lease on a property in Redcliff Street, granted on 7 March 1684 to her husband by the Feoffees of St Mary Redcliffe Church lands.  In consideration of a payment of £5 Mary Orchard was granted a further lease dated 2 June 1712 on the lives of Mary Orchard and Henry Cromwell (the son of Mary Willis by Richard Cromwell, her previous husband).  The property occupied by Mary Willis (the wife of Nicholas Willis and the daughter of Mary Orchard) (BRO 22/6/2 a-b and 3).
1714 15 Jan. A lease was granted on a tenement in Redcliff Street in the occupation of John Browning, a cooper, which adjoined a property ‘in the Tenure of … Nicholas Willis and Mary Orchard or one of them or their undertenants …’ (BRO P/St T/D/99).
1721 3 Apr. Will: ‘I Mary Orchard of the Parrish of Redcliffe … Widow … I give and bequeath the house wherein my Son in Law Nicholas Willis husbandman now dwelleth in St Mary Redcliffe Street unto my Grand-daughter Elizabeth Yeamans during ye naturall lives of Mary the wife of ye above named Nicholas Willis and Henry Cromwell son of the said Mary Willis by a former Husband.  She the said Elizabeth Yeamans my Grand daughter paying unto her Aunt Mary Willis two shillings p. week every week in hand to her as the same shall become due … Secondly I give unto George Yeamans three sons being my Grandchildren now living the Sume of Five pounds to each child – and lastly I give and bequeath unto ye rest of the children of George Yeamans wch. shall be then living … ye rest and residue of my Estate … to be equally divided between them. … I make my nephew John Shuter of the same Citty Druggettmaker Thomas Franks of the same City Potter and my Daughter Elizabeth Yeamans wife of George Yeamans to be my Executors …’.  The will was proved on 3 Apr 1732 (BRO Will 1732/82).
1721 Mary Orchard was still exporting earthenware in December 1721.  The next Port Book studied is that for 1726 and no exports are recorded in her name for that year (PRO Port Books).
1730 31 Dec.’Mary Orchard, aged about 80 years’ buried (RPR).
Apprentices:
With co-partners:
John Bye, 14 May 1698 (A, Ar)-1 Oct 1705 (F, G)Alone:
John Harris I, 13 Jan 1702 (Ar)
Joseph Thrall, 16 Nov 1704 (A, Ar)-3 Dec 1712 (F, G)
William Morgan, 25 Oct 1709 (A, Ao, Ar)
Robert Goddard, 7 Jul 1712 (A, Ar)
John Young, 28 May 1715 (A, Ar)-9 Aug 1723 (F, G)
Charles Harding, 7 Jul 1716 (A, Ar)
William Lawley, 17 Jul 1716 (A, Ao, Ar)
Ralph Eaton II, 22 Oct 1715 (A, Ar)-11 May 1724 (F, G)
William Adlam, 24 Mar 1720 (A, Ao, Ar)-24 Jul 1727 (F, G)
Rate and tax book entries:
Property 1:
1702-1716 Widow/Mrs Orchard (Temple-W,LS,PR)

Property 2:
25 Dec 1717-25 Dec 1718 Mary Orchard (SMR-LS)
29 Sep 1725-25 Mar 1726 Owner: Mrs Orchard Tenant: Ralph Eaton Redcliffe Street (SMR-L)

ORGAN Daniel

See the Potteries section for the Leek Lane Pottery.

c1808-10 Daniel Organ ran the Leek Lane Pottery.

The contents of the Pottery were sold following Daniel Organ’s bankruptcy in 1810. The Pottery was then advertised for sale in 1812 when it seems to have been purchased by John Hassell who carried on the business.

1773 7 Oct. Possibly the Daniel Organ baptised, the son of William and Rachel Organ (RPR).
1808 16 Nov. He took Nathaniel Bailey as an apprentice (A).
1809-11 Daniel Organ, Leek Lane, manufacturer of brown stone ware, melting pots, etc. (MD).
1810 15 Sep. ‘To Potters, Chymists, Distillers, Spirit Merchants, and the Public at Large.  To be sold by auction by W. Vigor.
On Tuesday the 25th of September, and following days, at Ten o’clock, on the premises, in Leek Lane, St Paul’s, Bristol.
All the stock in trade of Daniel Organ, potter, a bankrupt, together with the implements, etc used in and about the same trade; consisting of crucibles from an established maker, and every description of brown stone bottles, barrels, jars, jugs, pitchers, pots, etc usually manufactured by a potter, as also a large quantity of clay.  The whole to be sold without reserve in suitable and convenient lots for the accommodation of the buyers.
There being a quantity of ware marked with the Customers’ names, the same may be taken immediately, with a reduction of 25 per cent from the wholesale price, and a considerable abatement will be made on every other part of the ware.
The premises are to be let on lease, and are very convenient for carrying on the above business, should any one be disposed to take thereto, and to the stock’ (FFJ).
1812 14 Mar. ‘To Be Let, Extensive Premises, situate in Leek-lane, in the parish of St Paul’s, lately used as a Brown Stone Manufactory, and fitted up with kilns, etc, etc, compleat – These premises may be altered so as to suit any large manufactory or business requiring room …’ (FFJ).
1848 Possibly the Daniel Organ buried at St John’s church, Bedminster (Ancestry website).

 

ORGAN Henry

Born c1823 in St Philip’s parish, the husband of Susan Organ (51C).

1851 Earthenware printer, 5 Avon Street, Temple parish (28), living with his wife Susan (24), works at the pottery, born in Temple parish, and son William, aged 5 months, born in Temple parish (51C).
1861 China painter, pauper, City of Bristol Workhouse, Stapleton (38) (61C).
1871 He was dead when his wife was described in the census as a widow (71C).

 

ORGAN John

Born c1845 in Bristol (61C).

1861 Potter’s assistant, Baptist Street, St Philip’s parish (16), son of Edward, a dyer and blue maker (61C).

ORGAN Susan

Born c1827 in Temple parish, the wife of Henry Organ (51C).

1851 Works at the pottery, 5 Avon Street, Temple parish (24), living with her husband Henry (28), earthenware printer, and son William, aged 5 months, born in Temple parish (51C).
1861 Transferer whiteware pottery, 3 Avon Street, Temple parish (34), living with her son William (11) (61C).
1871 Works at the pottery, 25 Redcliff Mead Lane, St Mary Redcliffe parish (45), widow, living with her son William (21), a labourer, born in Bristol (71C).

OSBORNE Sydenham

The son of James Osborne of Bristol, freestone cutter (A).

1761 31 Jan. He was apprenticed to William I and Mary Maynard with £10 from the Colston Society (A, Ao).
1769 9 Jan. A potter of St Philip and Jacob parish, he was bondsman to a licence granted to Richard Bacon, tinman (M).
1774 4 Oct. He became a free potter (F, G).
1774 & 1781 Potter, St Philip and Jacob parish (P).

 

OSGOOD (HOSEGOOD) Daniel

Born c1840 in St Mary Redcliffe parish, the brother of John and William Osgood and the father of James Osgood (61C, 91C).

1861 Potter’s labourer, 5 Taylors Court, Temple parish (20), living with his parents Joseph and Susannah Osgood, a nailmaker, and his brothers (61C).
1861 28 Apr. He married Maria Cox at St Jude’s church (Ancestry website).
1863 18 Oct. New Bread Street, St Philip’s parish on the baptism of his son James (born 27 Sep 1863).  Wife Maria (PPR).
1866 25 Jul. He was employed at Pountney’s Bristol Pottery when he took part in a boat race in the potteries boat ‘Marian’ on the Floating Harbour (Western Daily Press).
1871 Saggar maker at potteries, 2 Taylors Court, Temple parish (30), living with his wife Maria (39), born in Bristol, and children (71C).
1881 Potter, 37 Grafton Street, St Philip’s parish (41), living with his wife Maria (40), born in Bristol, and children (81C).
1891 Potter, 56 Grafton Street, St Philip’s parish (50), living with his wife Maria (49) and children (91C).
1901 Saggar maker, pottery, 10 Goolden Street, Knowle (60), living with his wife Maria (59) and children (01C).
1909 He died in Bristol aged 68 (Ancestry website).
Children:
James, born 27 Sep 1863, bapt 18 Oct 1863 (PPR), Susanna, born c1866 in Bristol (71C), Emily, born c1868 in Bristol (71C), Henry, born c1871 in Bristol (71C), Ada, born c1876 in St Philip’s parish (91C), Alfred, born c1878 in St Philip’s parish (91C), Rosina, born c1880 in Bristol (81C), Samuel, born c1883 in St Philip’s parish (91C)

 

OSGOOD (HOSEGOOD) James

Born 1863, the son of Daniel Organ (PPR, 81C).).

1881 37 Grafton Street, St Philip’s parish (18), living with his parents and siblings (81C).
1885 29 Mar. Kingsland Road, St Philip’s parish on the baptism of his daughter Louisa (born 30 Jun 1884).  Wife Georgina (PPR).
1889 27 Oct. 52 Stanley Street on the baptism of his daughter Girtrude (born 4 Oct 1889).  Wife Georgina (PPR).
1891 Potter’s turner, 6 Albion Place, St Philip’s parish (27), living with his wife Georgina (28), born in Bradford-on-Avon, Wiltshire, and children (91C).
1893 5 Feb. Kingsland Road on the baptism of his son James Daniel (born 17 Jan 1893).  Wife Georgina (PPR).
1895 19 May. Kingsland Road on the baptism of his son John (born 1 May 1895).  Wife Georgina (PPR).
1901 Potter’s turner, 10 Herepath Street, St Luke, Barton Hill (38), living with his wife Georgina (38) and children (01C).
1911 Potter’s turner, 34 Glendare Street, Barton Hill (48), living with his wife Georgina (48) and children (11C).
Children:
Rosina, born c1883 in Bristol (91C), Louisa, born c1884 in St Philip’s parish (PPR), Anabel, born c1888 in Bristol (91C), Gertrude, born c1889 in St Philip’s parish (PPR), James, born c1893 in Bristol (01C), John, born c1896 in Bristol (01C), Elsie, born c1898 in Bristol (01C), Eldill[?], born c1902 in Bristol (01C)

 

OSGOOD John

Born c1844 in Bristol, the brother of Daniel and William Osgood (61C).

1861 Potter’s labourer, 5 Taylors Court, Temple parish (17), living with his parents Joseph and Susannah Osgood, a nailmaker, and his brothers (61C).
1871 Labourer, 22 Church Lane, Temple parish (27), living with his wife Louisa (25) and daughter Ruth (4), both born in Bristol (71C).

 

OSGOOD William

Born c1847 in Bristol, the brother of Daniel and John Osgood (61C, 71C).

1861 Potter’s labourer, 5 Taylors Court, Temple parish (14), living with his parents Joseph and Susannah Osgood, a nailmaker, and his brothers (61C).
1871 Earthenware printer, 1 Taylors Court, Temple parish (24), living with his parents as before (71C).
1878 He married Sarah Jane Reed at Barton Regis (Ancestry website).
1881 18 Beaufort Road, St George (35), living with his wife Sarah (30), born in Keynsham, Somerset, and son Joseph (2), born in St Philip’s parish (81C).
1891 Potter’s printer, 22 Rathbone Street, Tunstall, Staffordshire (44), living with his wife Sarah jane (43) and son Joseph (91C).
1901 Potter’s printer, Salts Cottage, Tunstall (52), living with his wife Sarah (53) and son Joseph (22), a potter’s packer (01C).
1916 He died at Wolstanton, Staffordshire, aged 65 (Ancestry website).

 

OSMAN Thomas

1809 21 Jan. ‘Monday died in Bridge Street, in the 41st year of his age, Mr Thomas Osman, late of Bath, and traveller to Messrs Carter and Ring, Bristol Pottery. His death was occasioned by sleeping in a damp bed, whilst on a journey, by which his widow and four children are left totally unprovided for’ (Bristol Mercury).

OVEREND George

1819 25 Feb. He was apprenticed to J.D. Pountney (Ao).
1827-32 St James’s parish (JaPR, PPR).
1830 Whittington Court, Horsefair, St James’s parish (P).
1832 Whittington Court, Horsefair, St James’s parish (List of Electors BRO 04736).
Children:
Wife Sarah
Maria Richards, bapt 9 Dec 1827 (JaPR), John, bapt 25 Dec 1830 (PPR), Robert, bapt 1 Jul 1832 (PPR), Ann Eliza, bapt 8 Nov 1835 (PPR)